HOUSES / 3rd-7th century AD
The area that gets lower to the north, where streets and alleys can be observed, is the residential area. The dwellings are made up of one or more spaces, their foundation parts are carved in the bedrock, and the blocks obtained by carving the bedrock have been utilized on the building walls. Walls and door blocks of the cited dwellings preserved up to a certain height can be seen today. The lower floors with big doors of the houses designed as two floors have been allocated for horses and livestock, and have also functioned as warehouse and soldiers and civilians have used the upper floor for their living space. Rough stones were laid between some of the perpendicular blocks drawing attention in the walls of some buildings structure. Also there are bigger sized independent settlements with four or more spaces in the southern part where the public buildings are predominant in addition to the residential area in the northern part. One of these special structures is located in the middle part of the settlement, between the arsenal building and the big water cistern, and consists of five spaces. The house with the dimensions of the 9.6 x 12.4 m. should have been utilized by a senior military official. Its walls formed of large blocks were preserved to a certain level, and the door jambs and lintels have reached until present. The reason why that the walls of the house have been constructed rather thick compared to the other construction must be due to preventing heat loss and durability.
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